Origins of Tamils?[Where are Tamil people from?] PART :50

[Compiled by: Kandiah Thillaivinayagalingam]

Indus valley civilization  first developed some 4,500-5,000 years ago.The Indus Valley people were most likely Dravidians,The Aryans,Who as an illiterate,pastoral people,commenced their migrations to India around 2,000 BC,probably used the Khyber Pass to cross the mountains during their Indian invasion.Located in present day Pakistan.They apparently used their advances in weaponry and skill in fighting to conquer the agricultural and tribal peoples of the fading
Harappan culture & pushed  down them into south India.Around 1800 BC,signs of a gradual decline began to emerge,and by around 1700 BC,most of the cities were abandoned.In 1953,Sir Mortimer Wheeler proposed the above theory, as evidence,he cited a group of 37 skeletons found in various parts of Mohenjo-Daro.For example,a group of skeletons have been found which have been thrown hastily in the burial chamber which indicates that the people who buried them were pressed for time.There are also two skeletons,one male and one female,who had been discovered on a staircase,obviously fleeing and examination shows they had been murdered.Also archaeological evidences of the period of Aryan invasion & abandonment of Indus valley civilization coincided & support above theory further.Sir Mortimer Wheeler further said that Indra,.the leader of the Devas was blamed for this attrocities

We came to know that Aryans were initially settled in Indus valley areas that provided them with pasture for their animals.They grouped in villages and built homes of bamboo or light wood homes without statues or art.They began growing crops.Their environment supplied them with all they needed,but,responding to their traditions and perhaps impulses,tribes warred against each other – wars that might begin with the stealing of cattle.The word for obtaining cattle, gosati, became synonymous with making war. And their warring grew in scale, including a war between what was said to be ten kings.Finally the Indo-Aryan people migrated to northwestern parts of the Indian subcontinent and spread to the Ganges Plain around 1200 BC.Hence the above Sir Mortimer Wheeler's theory seems logical because the Aryans came to power in the Ganges Valley shortly after the demise of the Indus Valley Civilization.

Also more evidence of who the Indus Valley people were found in the
translations of the Vedas ( which were written by the Aryans who came to India some 3500 years ago) by H.H. Wilson, Ralph Griffith, and A.A. McDonnell and A.B. Keith in English and by M.R. Sambunatha Iyer in Tamil.The Indus Valley people are described as noseless, black and godless barbarians. They are called  Thasar, Thayook, Asurar, Arakkar, Rakshather and Sutra.They are also described as anti-gods,chandalas,milechas,sons of prostitutes and in many other derogatory terms. However,their courage and fighting
abilities are praised.There are several reference to the town of Hariyupa (later became Harappa).For example:the Rig Veda is dominated by hymns praising the Aryan gods for giving them victories and wealth plundered from the local Dasas through warfare.The passages in the Vedas referring to battles and forts may be an evidence of this invasion.The Rig Veda comprises Hymns organised into 10 Books.I have selected verses which attest to the Aryan conquest of the Dasyu  or dasas- the inhabitants of Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and the civilization of the Indus Valley,speakers of Dravidian languages,ancestors of the Tamils of South India.Further,The Rig Veda itself repeatedly boasts of the destruction of the Dasyus. The Harappan economy was based on irrigation from the Indus river, like the Tigris-Euphrates economies of Mesopotamia,and the Rig Veda records the Aryans' destruction of the dams which were the basis of the economy.Most of the Rig Veda, like the Jewish Bible[Hebrew Bible], has a mentality of "Religious Tribalism". Towards the end, there are a few poems which reflect a universal theme,obviously composed late,around 1000 BC.It was that change of thinking which paved the way for the rise of the Jains,the Buddhists etc.The same is also found in the Bible.



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