'Story or History of writing'/Part:12

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Although,The Sumerian, Elamite, Dravidian [or Old Tamil] and Manding languages are genetically related and also had ethnic and cultural affinities between the Sumerians (Mesopotamians) and the Dravidians of South India as many linguists,anthropologist, historians and authors have pointed out and concluded that both probably belonged to the same ethnic stock such as -Nicolas Lahovary, Dr.Loganathan Muttarayan from Malaysia, Eminent historians K.A. Nilakantta Sastri, an eminent Advocate,Judge and Historian KP Padmanabha Menon and the late Professor A.Sathasivam from Sri Lanka, Father Gnana prakasar, A S Thiyagaraja, Ramaswami Aiyar, Dr Clyde Winters-and also there is evidence of some level of contact between the Indus Valley Civilization and the Near East, mainly in Commercial, religious,and artistic connections have been recorded in Sumerian documents, where the Indus valley people are referred to as Meluhhaites and the Indus valley is called Meluhha, for example,the following account has been dated to about 2000 BCE: "The Meluhhaites, the men of the black land, bring to Naram-Sin of Agade all kind of exotic wares." (Haywood, p. 76, The Curse of Agade)-It is surprised to see that Tamil or dravidian alphabet never arose directly from sumerian Cuneiform writing system. Apart from the linguistic similarities,of this races as shown above, The common opinion that. cultivation of barley & wheat spread from the Near East to the Indus Valley region is supported by ethno-botanical data tracking. It is commonly believed that those crops started in the Euphrates region about 8500 BC & It reached the Indus Valley and the Indian subcontinent about 6500 BC.

Until the recently emerging evidences, It is believed that the history of the Tamils is begin in the pre-historic or more acceptably in the proto-historic period of about 1000- 500 BC. Tamil / Dravidian culture associated with the megalithic sites in places such as Adichanallur (more correctly Adityanallur) in the Tinnevely District of Tamilnadu and across the Palk Straits in Pomparippu on the west coast and in Kathiraveli on the east coast of the Ilankai/ Sri Lanka are regarded by historians / archaeologists as belonging to the Dravidian peoples of whom the Tamils at that time were their first and foremost representatives. Also excavated ceramic sequences similar to that of Arikamedu,Puducherry were found in Kadiramalai (Kandarodai) in the Chunnakam, Jaffna District, Sri Lanka on the north coast, dated to 2000 BC.These Archaeological evidence points to these area being one of the longest continuous habitations in India & srilanka.

In Adichanallur, 24 km (15 mi) from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India unearthed 169 clay urns containing human skulls,skeletons and bones, plus husks and grains of rice,charred rice and Neolithic celts, giving evidence confirming them to be of the Neolithic period. The archaeologists,studying the inscriptions on stones and artefacts, reported recently on that basis that Tamil civilisation existed atleast more than 4,000 years ago. Hence the above historical evidence shows that the Tamil Dravidians were living atleast for about 4000 years, mainly in Tamil Nadu & Srilanka. But this is not correct.Tamils were living more than this period as they were linked to Sumeria and Indus valley by many experts.

Therefore to find the origin of Tamil or dravidian alphabet, We should check,not only the sumerian script, But also,the Indus script too.
[Kandiah Thillaivinayagalingam]
Part:13 will follow


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