An analysis of history of Tamil religion/Part:02

 [By:Kandiah Thillaivinayagalingam]
The first religious belief system which was formed as an oral tradition during the Upper Palaeolithic Revolution,was disseminated among the members of the tribe and was taught to each new generation.Much later,after writing was developed,the beliefs were generally recorded in written form.A major loss of flexibility resulted.Oral traditions can evolve over time;written documents tend to be more permanent.Unfortunately,because these belief systems were based on hunches,the various religions that developed in different areas of the world were,and remain,all different.Their teachings were in conflict with each other.Because the followers of most religions considered their beliefs to be derived directly from God,they cannot be easily changed.Thus,inter-religious compromise is difficult or impossible.Also,because religious texts are often ambiguous,divisions developed within religions.Different denominations,schools,or traditions have derived different meanings from the same religious texts.Thus were laid the foundations for millennia of inter-religious and
intra-religious conflict.For example,During the  Portuguese rule in Jaffna,The villagers asked to assemble and then a missionary ask them to reject their "God Shiva" [ "false" gods as per Catholic priest ]  and accept "one true God"[Jesus]."It was not a request;it was almost a command backed by the authority of the Portuguese government"-Begin by Bible,if unsuccessful then use the Sword-"Fear of a fine or corporal punishment with cane and stock ensured their regular attendance at church on Sundays and feast days.This is the way Tamils were converted to
Christianity during the Portuguese rule,not by willingness or one's own consent or Comparing shaivism and Christianity,But by means of money or power.However,The first organized religions appear to have been based on fertility.They were focused on the worship of the great Earth Goddess.Religion evolved to include male Gods who were gradually given increased importance by the priests.This development may have been caused by developing knowledge of the male's involvement in the process of reproduction.Some observers believe that modern-day religions remain largely a
response to human fear.Their main function is to provide their followers with a feeling of security while living in a dangerous environment in which a person can be injured,killed or murdered at any time due to natural causes,accidents or human hatred and intolerance.

The introduction of farming,when people learned how to produce rather than acquire their food,is widely regarded as one of the biggest changes in human history.This change happened at various times in several different places around the world.However,at the end of the
each day both with the advanced farming technology we have today and as far back as 10,000 years ago we still need the sun to shine and rain to fall to produce a good harvest.And throughout the world today many farmers pray for a good harvest.It's not difficult to see that ancient man may too have carried out this practice,and a relationship developed between man and nature,man and God,a sort of unwritten agreement,a contract,where man pleads with God or prays to God for sunshine and rain.And as time moved forward it came to pass that this contract required a special day of the week, separate from work days,when prayer could take place.Also required was a special place where the contract could be honoured along with skilled people who would administer the carrying out of the contract.From this idea probably we can see where the apparatus of organised religion,Such as special or Holy day for worship or
prayer[Sabbath],the temple,and the priest,may have stemmed from.And further back in time we find more evidence of religion.Throughout the world we find Palaeolithic Cave Art and in many of these caves,such as the Gargas caves in France,there appears to be a religious influence behind the art.Some of these caves could be regarded as mankind's first temples.So there appears to be evidence of religion stretching back to almost 30,000 years ago.Further,A team of Indian archaeologists also discovered ancient rock paintings in a dilapidated cave near a Paliyar tribal habitation at Kombaikadu village situated 1,000 metres above sea level on Palani-Kodaikanal Road,Tamil Nadu,India in mid 2015.In one of the paintings, A holy lance was drawn on the cave wall,The picture of holy lance showed prevalence of shaivite culture in ancient times,Another picture depicts a person holding an axe in his hand with a dead body lying near his feet and Hand symbol was also painted on these rock.This type of hand symbol was present in many rock paintings throughout the world,such as South Africa,zimbabwe,France and Indonesia.Also the ancient artists used red colour to draw these paintings.All these paintings are atleast 4000 years old.Not only that,Graves from Europe and western Asia give a strong indication that the Neanderthals were the first hominoids to bury their dead perhaps as long as 50,000 years ago.In some cases the buried bodies were accompanied with meaty animal bones.Other times with flowers,and in some cases useful objects such as tools suggesting that some Neanderthal groups may have had a belief in some kind of an afterlife.They, like so many religions of today saw death as not the end, but merely the beginning of a new cycle of existence.So,we can easily assume that,the Neanderthals the first hominoids,Also may be aware of God,religion and an afterlife . 


Part:03 Will follow

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